India Water Partnership (IWP) is a non-profit organization with a goal of promoting Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). It is an initiative supported by the Global Water Partnership (GWP) headquartered at Stockholm, Sweden.
Established in 2001, India Water Partnership (IWP) is a non-profit organization with a goal of promoting Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). It has been accredited by the Global Water Partnership (GWP) headquartered at Stockholm, Sweden as Country Water Partnership of GWP. The GWP has 13 regions in the World and IWP fall under South Asia Region of GWP.
IWP started as an informal body first under the Chairmanship of Prof. S R Hashim (the then Member Secretary, Planning Commission) (1997-98). Dr. Y K Alagh (former Union Minister of Power, Science & Technology, Government of India) was its next President. ShriBalasahebVikhePatil (former Member of Parliament & Minister, Government of India) was the President during 2004-06. Thereafter, Prof. S R Hashim again took over the charge from ShriPatil in 2007 and remained the President till December, 2012. W.e.f 1st January 2013, Dr. R K Gupta, Chairman-cum-Managing Director, WAPCOS Ltd. is the President of IWP.
IWP has been active in promotion of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) principles and practices through its network partners to support national development priorities. Some of the core priority areas are; promoting IWRM approach effectively through workshops and consultations to address adaptation to climate change with the support of zonal water partners across the country; encouraging use of innovative low cost water saving technologies by the farming communities; sustainable natural resource management; integrated domestic water management; promoting Area Water Partnership (AWP) for river basin management; conflict resolution on water sharing; inter-state trans-boundary water sharing issues; gender mainstreaming, etc.
IWP prepared “India Water Vision-2025” during 1999 based on the projections for country’s water demand in 2025 on the initiatives of GWP and South Asia Technical Advisory Committee. The Vision Document was prepared after a series of four regional consultations with the senior government officials from Central and State Governments, policy makers, academicians, water experts, donor agencies, UNICEF, World Bank, NGOs and industry representatives. India Water Vision is cited in National Water Policy-2002. As per the India Water Vision, the total estimated demand for water (gross) for 2025 is 1027 BCM. In order to meet this demand, water availability will have to be increased from around 520 BCM in 1997 to more than 1000 BCM in 2025. For meeting additional demands, investment requirements have been estimated to Rs. 5000 billion during next twenty five years or about Rs. 200 billion per year.
IWP pioneered the concept of Zonal Water Partnerships (ZWP) in 2007. Both IWP and ZWP work closely with the relevant water institutions, universities, CBOs/NGOs and other stakeholders at national, state and local level. In 2008, IWP stakeholders agreed to establish ZWPs so that IWRM could be made effective at State as well as local and community level. The zones are not based on rigid administrative boundaries, but configured according to hydrological units, so that there is scope to address local contexts and issues that have inter-zonal implications. Membership in zones covers representation from cross-sectional institutions. North Zone Water Partnership, East Zone Water Partnership, North-East Water Partnership and Western Zone Water Partnership have developed their own Vision Documents for managing water resources in their respective zones. IWP with the support of ZWPs in India is addressing the water centric issues through Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)/Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) which have constitutional authority in the chain of civil authority structure.
IWP board members and its network partners actively contributed during 2010 and 2011 in the brainstorming sessions organized by Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India to review National Water Policy-2002. IWP was well represented in the Drafting Committee of National Water Policy-2012.
IWP organized a side event on 13th April, 2012 during India Water Week-2012 on “Approach of Draft National Water Policy (DNWP), 2012 in Context of Climate Change”. Objective of the side event was to examine how the Draft National Water Policy (2012) reflects on the issue of climate change to address water and food security. The event was attended by Govt. of India officials, academia, policy makers, State Govts. officials, NGOs and GWP representatives. Recommendations of the side event were sent to the Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India.